Suggested health care interventions for the nonhospitalized lupus patient are given.Many of these interventions can be modified for the hospitalized patient.Note: There is a tremendous amount of literature available which documents the effectiveness of vision therapy in treating binocular vision (eye coordination and alignment), oculomotor (tracking and eye movements), and accommodative (focusing) problems.The following is a copy of a report published by the American Optometric Association entitled “The Efficacy of Vision Therapy.” Please note over two hundred references listed in support of the paper.The information and nursing interventions described in this article are not meant to be inclusive, but to provide the practitioner with guidelines for developing a care plan specific to the needs of each lupus patient.As a care plan is developed, the health professional should keep in mind the importance of frequently reassessing the patient's status over time and adjusting treatment to accommodate the variability of SLE manifestations.
This article provides an overview of general and system-specific lupus manifestations and identifies potential problems.
The American Optometric Association considers vision therapy an essential and integral part of the practice of optometry (1). of Health and Human Services (8) and the Association of Academic Health Centers (9) all include vision therapy in their definitions of the profession of optometry.
Forty-three states specifically describe vision training, orthoptics, or some synonym in their definitions of the profession of optometry . The theory and procedures underlying the diagnosis and management of vision disorders are taught in all the schools and colleges of optometry (9).
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Optometrists examine the eyes and related structures to determine the presence of vision problems, eye disease, and other abnormalities.